The country’s capital and largest city is Budapest. Hungary is a member of the European Union,
the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
The official language Hungarian language and is the most widely spoken Indo-European language in Europe.
Periods of successive habitation by Celts, Romans, Huns, Slavs, Gepids, and Avars, laid the foundation of Hungary in the late 9th century by the Hungarian people whose great-grandson Stephen I of Hungary ascended to the throne in 1000 AD.
The Kingdom of Hungary existed for 946 years and at various times in its history was as a major political power in Europe as well as one of the cultural centers of the Western world.
After about 150 years of partial Ottoman occupation (1541–1699), Hungary was integrated into the Habsburg Monarchy, and later constituted half of the Austro–Hungarian Empire (1867–1918).
A great power until the end of World_War I, the Kingdom of Hungary subsequently lost approximately 72 percent of its territory, 64 percent of its total population, one third of its ethnic Hungarian population, five of its ten largest cities and all its sea ports under the Treaty of Trianon.
The kingdom was succeeded by an authoritarian regime, and then a communist one (1947–1989). Hungary gained widespread international attention during the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 and the seminal opening of its border with Austria in 1989, which accelerated the collapse of the Eastern Bloc.
Hungary has been a democratic parliamentary republicsince 1989. The World Bank in 2007 categorized Hungary as a high-income economy.
Hungary is one of the thirty most popular tourist destinations in the world, attracting 10.2 million tourists a year (2011).
The country is home to the largest Hot spring thermal water system and the second largest “Thermal lake”, the largest lake in Central Europe, Lake Balaton, and the largest natural grasslands in Europe.