236th blog … hari ng mga hari … hari nga!

everyone wants to be king! even hitler, marcos, idi amin and the others who considered themselves as kings!

the first king known to use the title “king of kings” was tukulti-ninurta I of assyria  in the 13th century BC.

the persian title of a king of kings is shahanshah  associated especially with persian  archaeminid empire,  a monarch ruling over other monarchs who had a vassal, tributary or protectorate position.

the title is mentioned in the  hebrew bible  that referred to  nebuchadnessar  and to  artaxerxes.

in christianity, “king of kings” is one of the titles of jesus.

the emperors of ethiopia also had the title of “king of kings”.

in judaism, “king of kings”  is an expression that refers to god, whose name may not be said. It is usually rendered as melech malchei ha-m’lachim (the king of the kings of kings), to put it one step above the title by which babylonian and persian kings are referred to in the bible.

jesus christ is termed “king of kings” in the bible and the title “king of kings” is awarded to jesus as the ruler over a temporal, spiritual or “higher” kingdom.

while not universally accepted by all christians, it is important to note that a common christian belief that jesus christ is/was the living embodiment of god almighty, afforded jesus the title of “supreme and ultimate ruler of the universe”.

in the same vein  when the roman catholics first came to the islands of the visayas, they discovered that those native inhabitants which they later called pagans, did have their existing gods.

in the island of luzon, there also existen a katagalugan kingdom that had its own god named “dakilang lumalang o poong maykapal” and had its own kings which were the same source or origin of the “three kings” of the catholic nativity.

selivanov, co-founder of a russian pseudo-christian sect skoptsi which practiced sexual mutilation, who proclaimed himself the son of god incarnate in the person of emperor peter III, claimed the titles “king of kings” and even “god of gods”.

In islam, the term “king of kings” is reserved for allah, meaning god, literally translated as “the one”, and prohibits this description  for a human being.  The term malik   is also a known name of allah, while mahoma or mohammed would be their jesus equivalent.

whereas in buddhism, buddha is sometimes compared to the worldly emperor chakravarti emperor, the universal king, or the secular “king of kings”, however, considers buddha as having higher secular position as he is the “king of the dharma” or dharma-raja.

this was in time when hindu priests came over to the island of luzon of the far east and witnessed in their eyes that the tagalog natives there “worshiping” in their own indigenous faith the representation of “tao” or “tawo”, the anito of their tagalog ancestors who were being paraded in the roads and trails of the mountains as “hari” or king.

the same faith in the “tao” was borrowed by the chinese tribes in the southern island of taiwan which propagation of “taoism” that their own later on.

furthermore, many roads for the king aptly called by the tagalog as “daang hari” would be found every where in luzon, especially in the katagalugan before the advent of roman catholicism.

while in rastafari, haile selassie’s full title in office was “his imperial majesty haile selassie I, conquering lion of the tribe of judah, king of kings, lord of lords, emperor of ethiopia, elect of god.

the first written record of its consistent use dates to iranian kings  of the persian and/or iranian high kings of the persian empire and/or great shahansha.

because the persian kings ruled in a format of having other kings below them ruling provinces, satraps  gave them the title king of kings.  

thereafter, the title shahanshah was revived by the pahlavi dynasty in the 20th century, but was abolished when the islamic revolution toppled the monarchy in iran.

tigranes the great (140 – 55 BC) was emperor of armenia under whom the country became, for a short time, the strongest state east of the roman republic, but he never appeared in public without having four kings attending him.

also, it was cicero, referring to his success in the east, who said that he, tigranes, made the republic of rome tremble before the prowess of his arms.

under his reign, the armenian kingdom expanded beyond its traditional boundaries, allowing tigranes to claim the title great king or king of kings, and involving armenia in many battles against opponents such as the parthian and seleucid empires, and the roman republic.

In india, rajah, which is a king in sanskrit, was a title used commonly by kings ruling small territories.  maharaja from mahat “great” and rajan “king” was used only for kings who ruled a considerably large region with minor tributary kings under them.

in fact, westerners who came to visit luzon found a few rajahs right in manila, and mistook them as natives of the island of luzon in their own history books, when in fact they were only visitors or guest of the tagalog nobility or “maginoo” in the lands of the katagalugan having its very own kings or “hari”..

a notable use of term king of kings comes from donations of alexandria  ceremony in 34BC, where caesarion, son of julius ceasar and cleopatra VII, was proclaimed as king of kings, also as a status of a god and son of god.

and in africa, muammar gaddafi of Libya claimed to the title in a a more than 200 gathering of african tribal chiefs in the libyan town of benghazi in 2008, that bestowed him the title king of kings in a campaign for african unity.

the traditional title of the ethiopian  kings from the solomonic era onwards was “niguse negest”, an ancient ge’ez formula that translates as “king of kings”, with local variations of the title held by the rulers of the imperial realms of mali and asanteman in west africa, africa, asanteman, and zululand in southern africa.

luzon, referred as “pulo ng ginto” in the far east, did have their own native kings, known to the tagalog as “hari”.

a king that was mentioned in parasapinga wordpress is haring nga with a more distinct title of gat being a male leader, while dayang-dayang was for the female leader, both of them were supreme member of a nobility whose descendants also carried the distinction of a “maginoo” apart from the ordinary natives who were called  “mandirigma and timawa”.

haring nga ruled a kingdom that was named “mabunga”, one of the territorial kingdoms of Kalilaya, Kabikulan, Iloko, talim-asin and Kumintang.

the tagalog king of mabunga established himself as a ruler who espoused gallantry, equality and liberty to all men, together with his wife, dayang pi, and ruled over the whole island of luzon.

together they fought and defeated the resurgence of kumintang which tried to change the native tagalog form of governance and dominance from patriarchal to matriarchal, for which they were defeated and annihilated by the true tagalog kingdoms.

there was, also, a basis to the claim that the three kings really and actually came from luzon or the island of gold of the far east as mentioned or included in a roman christian bible.

three tagalog kings as magi or mago in the vernacular were made to appear as bearers of the gifts of gold, frankinsense and myrh (ginto, insenso o kamanyang at mira), and interpreted them as gifts for christmas for the propagation of the christian faith in the western and northern part of the world.

such was the beginning of a successful propaganda for a religious propagation in the vatican of rome as started by the acknowledged first christian pope made known to the world as king constantine …

who caused the initial compilations or congregation of all pagan documents and testimonies from various different islands, including a display of a pine cone replica right in a vatican plaza brought from a far away island in the far east..

the tagalog indigenous faith and practice in the adoration of the supreme creator or “dakilang lumikha at poong maykapal” served as one of most inspiring tenets of the roman catholic religion, and for that one simple reason alone, the pearl of the orient, now called as the philippines, is being given a special mention by all the popes, starting from the first one to the present.

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