… pero sankabatalaga pupunta, samadison, sasingapura, salondon, sahokitika, sasydney, saelpaso, saglendale, o sapulungginto?!? … baka naman sa svalbard!
Svalbard archipelago is an unincorporated area administered by a state-appointed governor in the northernmost place in the world with a permanent population.
The islands were first taken into use as a whaling base in the 17th and 18th centuries, after which they were abandoned. Coal mining started at the beginning of the 20th century, and several permanent communities were established.
The Svalbard Treaty of 1920 recognizes Norwegian sovereignty, and the 1925 Svalbard Act made Svalbard a full part of the Kingdom of Norway.
Research and tourism have become important supplementary industries, featuring among others the University Centre in Svalbard and the Svalbard Global Seed Vault.
No roads connect the settlements; instead snowmobiles, aircraft and boats serve inter-community transport. Svalbard Airport and Longyear serves as the main gateway.
Since Svalbard is located north of the Arctic Circle it experiences midnight sun in summer and polar night in winter. At 74° north, the midnight sun lasts 99 days and polar night 84 days, while the respective figures at 81° are 141 and 128 days
Sveerenburg was one of the first settlements, established by the Dutch in 1619. Smaller bases were also built by the English, Danish and French.
At first the outposts were merely summer camps, but from the early 1630s, a few individuals started to overwinter.
In 2012, Svalbard had an estimated population of 2,642, of whom 439 were Russian and Ukrainian, 10 were Polish and 322 were other non-Norwegians living in Norwegian settlements.
The largest non-Norwegian groups in Longyearbyen in 2005 were from Thailand, Sweden, Denmark, Russia, and Germany. Svalbard is among the safest places on Earth, with virtually no crime.
The Svalbard Act established the institution of the Governor of Svalbard (Norwegian: Sysselmannen), who holds the responsibility as both county governor and chief of police, as well as holding other authority granted from the executive branch.
The three main industries on Svalbard are coal mining, tourism, and research.
Research on Svalbard centers around Longyearbyen and Ny-Ålesund, the most accessible areas in the high Arctic.
The treaty grants permission for any nation to conduct research on Svalbard, resulting in the Polish Polar Station and the Chinese Arctic Yellow River Station, plus Russian facilities in Barentsburg.
The University Centre in Svalbard in Longyearbyen offers undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate courses to 350 students in various arctic sciences, particularly biology, geology and geophysics.
Courses are provided to supplement studies at the mainland universities; there are no tuition fees and courses are held in English, with Norwegian and international students equally represented.
The Svalbard Global Seed Vault is a seedbank to store seeds from as many of the world’s crop varieties and their botanical wild relatives as possible.
Snowmobiles are an important mode of transport in Svalbard, such as here at Longyearbyen. All settlements have ports and Longyearbyen has a bus system.
Svalbard Airport, Longyear, located 3 kilometres (2 mi) from Longyearbyen, is the only airport offering air transport off the archipelago. Scandinavian Airlines has daily scheduled services to Tromsø and Oslo.
Low cost carrier Norwegian also has a service between Oslo and Svalbard, operating three or four times a week; there are also irregular charter services to Russia.
Svalbard is where cold polar air from the north and mild, wet sea air from the south meet, creating low pressure, changeable weather and strong winds, particularly in winter.
Polar bears are the iconic symbol of Svalbard, and one of the main tourist attractions. While protected, anyone outside of settlements is required to carry a rifle to kill polar bears in self-defense, as a last resort, should they attack
There are seven national parks in Svalbard: Forlandet, Indre Wijdefjorden, Nordenskiöld Land, Nordre Isfjorden Land, Nordvest-Spitsbergen, Sassen-Bünsow Land and Sør-Spitsbergen.
The archipelago has fifteen bird sanctuaries, one geotopic protected area and six nature reserves—with Nordaust-Svalbard and Søraust-Svalbard both being larger than any of the national parks.
Svalbard is on Norway’s tentative list for nomination as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
And the pointing finger of the island of Corsica on top of Sardina in the mediteranean heralding that pinga or pigna’s origin is svalbard during the time of alkander is just a myth?
But don’t you worry, svalbard or corsica, i’ll be there again soon!