limahong, the pirate and his kingdom?
limahong, also known as lim ah hong or lin tao kien, became known as a chinese pirate who invaded the northern islands of luzon in 1574, then tried to seize manila which was still under the kingdom of mabunga.
during that time, limahong found the spaniards coming from panay with the visayan muslims to be staying around the bay of manila, so they became envious of the mistaken hospitality being accorded, in which they tried to meddle in.
the tagalog mandirigma, knowing the imminent trouble being sowed, intervened and chased the chinese out of manila back to the northern part of luzon that was their port entry coming from overseas, thus, the inhabitants of northern luzon started their new breed of combined heritage.
some sources said that limahong was born as dim mhon who started his criminal activities since childhood, including robbery, and a protege of an old pirate tial-lao who never envisioned doing his atrocities in the island due to the ferocity of the tagalog natives.
and so, it was suggested that the word “dimonyo” from demon rose out of the name dim mhon of limahong that was concocted by the natives in luzon.
when tial-lao died, lim became his heir, inheriting the old pirate’s fleet and around 2,000 pirates, and numerous attacks on ports and ships throughout the seas in south of china made the tagalog authorities issue a warrant for his capture.
the pursuit of piracy and criminal activities transferred and extended deep towards the mountains, and contained by the efforts of the rulers in luzon.
he was able to accumulate 40 to 95 ships when he took over the fleet of another pirate, vin to quiam, and eventually came to be the pirates around the south seas with only the kingdom of mabunga in luzon as the only nemesis.
it was in late 1573 that an army of 3,000 outlaws, bandits, and pirates led by limahong arrived at the island.
there, they tried to establish their own brand of kingdom under ming dynasty and waged war against the spanish newcomers supported by visayan-muslims.
The same motivation was used by the spaniards in favor of the kingdom of castille they established in panay island about two years before the time of limahong, to conquer the whole island of luzon.
In early 1574, limahong’s fleet being defeated by the tagalog natives, fled to Ilocos Sur while under siege of tagalog mandirigma and nobility of pinga clan that was at same time suppressing the previous spanish intrusion that was aggravated by the incursions of the chinese.
two women warriors from katagalugan who led the pursuit of the chinese pirates were identified as urduja which was originally dibuka, and mawanay that was actually maginoo wanay, started the full recognition of an old forgotten kingdom of mabunga in the tagalog lands.
above names were reduced to a myth by the spaniards who wanted the accolade of winning and defeating the chinese pirates and erased the facts in the factual history of luzon.
limahong pirates were successfully driven out of tagalog lands by the local native army, and were turned back to the northern part of luzon where they first embarked beforehand for their mission.
limahong learned about the presence of the spanish, muslims, visayans and mexican soldiers in manila so he decided to take over the bay to expand kingdom of ming.
He attacked the city in 1574 with 64 ships but failed, but able to kill martin de goiti of the first spanish expeditionary force who underestimated the strength of the other side.
Under siege by the tagalog warriors, limahong led his fleet to what is now pangasinan despite bing trailed by the natives who found him settling a colony in lingayen.
the people of pangasinan became hostages in their own province while limahong fought against a seven-month hiding from the pursuers of the kingdom of mabunga.
limahong left the province in 1574 and disappeared, according to some sources, to taiwan or somewhere in luzon incognito, and since then people never heard anything about him… ..
the “limahong channel,” dug over six months, served as the pirate’s escape route with a certain princess kabontatala as his wife, and escaped through this channel, or as allowed by the tagalog mandirigma.
there are many different tales told about limahong, with unknown degrees of historical accuracy.
according to one account, he was very successful at relieving the spanish armada some of the gold that the spaniards were able to get from manila, which is why limahong began to appear in history books and ships’ logs.
One safe harbor was said to be batangas with its deep waters and where he found the local ladies to his likingm where he took as many concubines as he could afford.
then, populated the province of batangas with his many wives giving forth progeny to descendants of the leading local kumintang matriarchal clans in batangas.
people also say that the name lim ah hong was bastardized into to different chinese names due to the weird spanish pronunciation that was so prevalent in luzon.
The inaccuracies and frailties of the chinese and spanish tongues with the tagalog names and words changed the accuracy of authentic luzon identities that were bastardized leading to the wrongful disambiguation of tagalog ethnicity and origins.
So sad that filipino historians failed to note that the native tagalog clans were the ones responsible in driving out limahong and his army from manila during that time.
by continuously adhering to the fallacy of the exploits of the spanish, chinese, and american personalities, they propagandize a false history up to the present times.